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Research News

13 Jul 2017

Robots take inspiration from insects to track targets

The way insects visualise and hunt their prey could help improve autonomous robotic technology, according to a pioneering new study conducted by a team of engineers and neuroscientists from The University of Adelaide and Lund University. The research, published today in the Journal of Neural Engineering, developed an autonomous robot to test a target and...

12 Jul 2017

The most effective individual steps to tackle climate change aren’t being discussed

Governments and schools are not communicating the most effective ways for individuals to reduce their carbon footprints, according to new research. Published today in the journal Environmental Research Letters, the study from Lund University, found that the incremental changes advocated by governments may represent a missed opportunity to reduce greenhouse gas emissions beneath the levels...

11 Jul 2017

Microbe study highlights Greenland ice sheet toxicity

The Greenland ice sheet is often seen as a pristine environment, but new research has revealed that may not be the case. A Danish-led study, published today in the journal Environmental Research Letters, examined how microbes from the ice sheet have the potential to resist and degrade globally-emitted contaminants such as mercury, lead, PAH and...

04 Jul 2017

Owls’ wings could hold the key to beating wind turbine noise

A new study has revealed how inspiration from owls’ wings could allow aircraft and wind turbines to become quieter. Researchers from Japan and China studied the serrations in the leading edge of owls’ wings, gaining new insight into how they work to make the birds’ flight silent. Their results, published today in the journal Bioinspiration...

22 Jun 2017

Record UK rainfall in winter 2013-14 caused by the tropics, stratosphere and climate warming

New research has revealed the causes of the UK’s record rainfall and subsequent flooding during the 2013-14 winter. Using carefully tailored atmosphere/ocean model experiments, the research team found that a combination of unusual tropical conditions, the stratospheric polar vortex, and climate warming were behind the extreme rainfall, which led to severe flooding across many parts...

22 Jun 2017

Injury measurement technique helps players get back in the game

A new method of measuring sports-related muscle injury could help provide accurate return-to-play time for athletes. That’s the finding of a new study published today in the journal Physiological Measurement. It was led by the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), in collaboration with the medical team at Futbol Club Barcelona. The research explored using localised...

20 Jun 2017

Implant infections could be banished thanks to scaffold breakthrough

Researchers in Ireland have taken a major step forward in the battle against medical implant infections. They developed a new type of implant scaffold to provide localised drug treatment and prevent infection, which has already proven effective against two types of major problem bacteria. Publishing their results today in the journal Biomedical Materials, the team...

16 Jun 2017

Global diet and farming methods ‘must change for environment’s sake’

Reducing meat consumption and using more efficient farming methods globally are essential to stave off irreversible damage to the environmental, a new study says. The research, from the University of Minnesota, also found that future increases in agricultural sustainability are likely to be driven by dietary shifts and increases in efficiency, rather than changes between...

13 Jun 2017

Could renewable ‘power-by-wire’ help fix China’s air pollution problems?

Bringing renewable power ‘by wire’ from western China to its power-hungry Eastern cities could have benefits for both local air quality and global climate change, new research has found. The study, published today in the journal Environmental Research Letters, examined if ongoing power transmission capacity investment in China – driven largely by concerns over air...

07 Jun 2017

3D printing breakthrough heralds ‘new era’ for advanced skin models

Scientists in South Korea have come up with a new method for 3D printing human skin, which both shortens the process and reduces the cost. Reporting their results today in the journal Biofabrication, the team from Pohang University of Science and Technology demonstrate a new 3D cell printing strategy, for engineering a 3D human skin...

07 Jun 2017

Rising sea levels leave US coastal areas facing increased flood risk by 2050

US coastal areas should prepare for more frequent and more severe flooding in the next 35 years and beyond, a new study has warned. According to the research, carried out by Princeton and Rutgers universities, without cutting carbon emissions, the US coastline’s risk of a ‘100-year flood’ is likely to see an average 40-fold increase...