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Research News

11 May 2022

Banana spots can help tackle food waste – study finds

Banana peels hold the key to reducing tonnes of food waste. A new study released in Physical Biology reveals how the browning of this household staple can be explained and modelled.   A team of researchers at Florida State University have produced a new method of simulating spot patterns on bananas, providing new insight into how this...

14 Mar 2022

Study: “Sky is not the limit” for solar geoengineering

There are practical limits to the height at which aerosols may be deployed in the atmosphere to deflect incoming sunlight and countervail global warming. Very high-altitude injections might be more effective, but such climate intervention comes with substantially increased costs and safety risks, according to new research published today in Environmental Research Communications.  Following a...

17 Jan 2022

ResearchGate and IOP Publishing partner to increase the visibility of academic content

ResearchGate and IOP Publishing (IOPP) today announce a new collaboration agreement to explore ways to support the scientific community through syndication of IOPP peer reviewed scholarly content on ResearchGate’s platform.   ResearchGate is a scholarly social networking site on which over 20 million scientists and researchers share papers, ask and answer questions, and find collaborators.     The agreement...

04 Nov 2021

Aviation’s present-day contribution to human-induced global warming is 4% and will increase over the next 30 years should pre-Covid growth resume

Major new study reveals that aviation could consume up to one-sixth of the remaining temperature budget to limit warming to 1.5 ˚C Aviation is responsible for more global warming than implied by its carbon footprint alone. According to new research published today, aviation could consume up one-sixth of the remaining temperature budget required to limit...

06 Jul 2021

Long-term urban emissions data show a decrease in high-income countries

A new study shows how urbanisation has influenced anthropogenic CO2 and air pollutant emissions across all world regions, by making use of the latest developments in the Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR, https://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/) developed by the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission. The results show that by 2015 urban centres were the...

08 Jun 2021

Projected acidification of the Great Barrier Reef could be offset by ten years

New research has shown that by injecting an alkalinizing agent into the ocean along the length of the Great Barrier Reef, it would be possible, at the present rate of anthropogenic carbon emissions, to offset ten years’ worth of ocean acidification. The research, by CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere, Hobart, used a high-resolution model developed for...

18 May 2021

The environmental trade-offs of autonomous vehicles

Optimistic predictions expect reliable autonomous vehicles to be commercially available by 2030, at a time when mobility is undergoing a profound shift away from traditional modes of transportation and towards door-to-door services. Previous analysis suggested that public transport will lose market share to autonomous vehicles, but the environmental impact of changing transport use has hardly...

24 Mar 2021

1º of global warming causes a ~50% increase in population displacement risk

A new study shows that if the population were fixed at current levels, the risk of population displacement due to river floods would rise by ~50% for each degree of global warming. However, if population increases are taken into account, the relative global flood displacement risk is significantly higher. The research, by an international team...

17 Mar 2021

Flat brain organoids grown on 3D-printed scaffolds show intrinsic gyrification

Gyrification has been observed for the first time in brain organoids grown in vitro using 3D-printed scaffolds. The research, by an international team from the Autonomous University of Madrid and the Technical University of Denmark, used 3D printing to create scaffolds for engineered flat brain organoids. The scaffolds allowed the brain organoid size to be...

16 Feb 2021

Groundwater recharge rates mapped for Africa

Effective governance and investment decisions need to be informed by reliable data, not only about where groundwater exists, but also the rate at which groundwater is replenished. For the first time using ground measurements, a recent study has quantified groundwater recharge rates across the whole of Africa – averaged over a fifty-year period – which...