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Research News

22 May 2018

Electric vehicles could help save billions on energy storage

Using electric vehicles (EVs) as mobile power storage could eliminate the need to build costly stationary grid storage for energy from renewable sources. That is the key finding of a new study by the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) in California, published this month in Environmental Research Letters. Using California as a case study,...

16 May 2018

Drones could benefit from animals’ magnetic navigation techniques

Research by the US Air Force has found that magnetic navigation techniques used by some animals could allow autonomous vehicles to find their way without maps or GPS. The study, published today in the journal Bioinspiration and Biomimetics, used computer modelling to investigate the feasibility of animals using rare and/or unique combinations of magnetic properties...

10 May 2018

Parkinson’s implant uses brain’s signals to adapt treatment

Scientists in the USA have developed a new deep brain stimulation method to treat the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. While present deep brain stimulation for Parkinson’s is constant, the new method is ‘adaptive’. This means the stimulation changes in real time, based on the patient’s neural signals. The study, published today in the Journal of...

02 May 2018

Planning for extreme temperatures could help five billion people worldwide

Acting on extreme temperature forecasts could reduce the risks posed to around five billion people by heatwaves and coldwaves, new research has found. Extreme temperatures are a primary cause of death and disease worldwide, and heat extremes are projected to rise in many regions. The research from the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre and...

05 Apr 2018

Penguin colonies resemble liquids, physicists find

Penguins and physicists do not often cross paths, but a new physics study has found king penguin breeding colonies organise and move in a similar way to liquids. “In this study, we aimed to uncover the structural order in a king penguin colony during the early stage of the breeding cycle, when most of the...

03 Apr 2018

‘Dieselgate’ impacted climate as well as human health

Improved diesel technology, combined with generally better fuel economy, has led to the widespread belief that diesel vehicles are more environmentally friendly than their petrol counterparts. But a new study shows diesel cars with ‘defeat devices’ may have no environmental benefit over petrol cars. The research looked at the on-road driving impact of Volkswagen (VW)...

29 Mar 2018

3D modelling unlocks insight into cancer progression

Medics may soon have a better understanding of how cancer tumours grow and progress, thanks to research from an international collaboration. The study examined how the various cells that comprise tumours interact, in what is known as the tumour microenvironment (TME). It is published today in the journal Biofabrication. Senior author Professor David Mooney, from...

01 Mar 2018

USA flood risk is vastly underestimated, study shows

Current flood risk models for the contiguous United States vastly underestimate the amount of people, land, and assets at risk from severe flooding, according to new research. In the first study of its kind, a team led by researchers at the University of Bristol, UK, in collaboration with scientists at Fathom, The Nature Conservancy and...

08 Feb 2018

Reports of coal’s terminal decline are premature

Rapid expansion of coal power plants in Turkey, Indonesia and Vietnam – Climate targets need active policy While fewer new coal-fired power plants are now being built in China and India, the planned expansion in the use of coal in fast-growing emerging economies, such as Turkey, Indonesia and Vietnam, will in part cancel out the...

24 Jan 2018

Human skin pigmentation recreated – with a 3D bioprinter

A new method for controlling pigmentation in fabricated human skin has been developed by researchers from A*STAR’s Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech) and the Singapore Centre for 3D Printing (SC3DP) at Nanyang Technological University. In their paper, publishing today in Biofabrication, the team show how they utilise 3D bioprinting to control the distribution of...

17 Jan 2018

‘Heart-on-a-chip’ process aims to speed up drug testing

Testing new clinical drugs’ effect on heart tissue could become quicker and more straightforward, thanks to new research from Harvard University. The study, published today in the journal Biofabrication, sets out a new, faster method for manufacturing a ‘heart-on-a-chip’, which can be used to test the reaction of heart tissue to external stimuli. Co-lead author...

12 Jan 2018

California’s water saving brings bonus effects

Water-saving measures in California have also led to substantial reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and electricity consumption in the state. That is the conclusion of new research from the University of California, Davis, published today in the journal Environmental Research Letters. Measures to cut water use by 25 per cent across California were implemented...