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Research News

02 May 2018

Planning for extreme temperatures could help five billion people worldwide

Acting on extreme temperature forecasts could reduce the risks posed to around five billion people by heatwaves and coldwaves, new research has found. Extreme temperatures are a primary cause of death and disease worldwide, and heat extremes are projected to rise in many regions. The research from the Red Cross Red Crescent Climate Centre and...

05 Apr 2018

Penguin colonies resemble liquids, physicists find

Penguins and physicists do not often cross paths, but a new physics study has found king penguin breeding colonies organise and move in a similar way to liquids. “In this study, we aimed to uncover the structural order in a king penguin colony during the early stage of the breeding cycle, when most of the...

03 Apr 2018

‘Dieselgate’ impacted climate as well as human health

Improved diesel technology, combined with generally better fuel economy, has led to the widespread belief that diesel vehicles are more environmentally friendly than their petrol counterparts. But a new study shows diesel cars with ‘defeat devices’ may have no environmental benefit over petrol cars. The research looked at the on-road driving impact of Volkswagen (VW)...

29 Mar 2018

3D modelling unlocks insight into cancer progression

Medics may soon have a better understanding of how cancer tumours grow and progress, thanks to research from an international collaboration. The study examined how the various cells that comprise tumours interact, in what is known as the tumour microenvironment (TME). It is published today in the journal Biofabrication. Senior author Professor David Mooney, from...

01 Mar 2018

USA flood risk is vastly underestimated, study shows

Current flood risk models for the contiguous United States vastly underestimate the amount of people, land, and assets at risk from severe flooding, according to new research. In the first study of its kind, a team led by researchers at the University of Bristol, UK, in collaboration with scientists at Fathom, The Nature Conservancy and...

08 Feb 2018

Reports of coal’s terminal decline are premature

Rapid expansion of coal power plants in Turkey, Indonesia and Vietnam – Climate targets need active policy While fewer new coal-fired power plants are now being built in China and India, the planned expansion in the use of coal in fast-growing emerging economies, such as Turkey, Indonesia and Vietnam, will in part cancel out the...

24 Jan 2018

Human skin pigmentation recreated – with a 3D bioprinter

A new method for controlling pigmentation in fabricated human skin has been developed by researchers from A*STAR’s Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology (SIMTech) and the Singapore Centre for 3D Printing (SC3DP) at Nanyang Technological University. In their paper, publishing today in Biofabrication, the team show how they utilise 3D bioprinting to control the distribution of...

17 Jan 2018

‘Heart-on-a-chip’ process aims to speed up drug testing

Testing new clinical drugs’ effect on heart tissue could become quicker and more straightforward, thanks to new research from Harvard University. The study, published today in the journal Biofabrication, sets out a new, faster method for manufacturing a ‘heart-on-a-chip’, which can be used to test the reaction of heart tissue to external stimuli. Co-lead author...

12 Jan 2018

California’s water saving brings bonus effects

Water-saving measures in California have also led to substantial reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and electricity consumption in the state. That is the conclusion of new research from the University of California, Davis, published today in the journal Environmental Research Letters. Measures to cut water use by 25 per cent across California were implemented...

20 Dec 2017

Action needed now to save forest area the size of India

An area of forest the size of India will be lost by 2050 unless carbon pricing and anti-deforestation policies are put in place. That is the primary finding of a new study carried out by researchers from the Center for Global Development, Washington, DC, and the University of Wisconsin-Madison, published today in Environmental Research Letters....

13 Dec 2017

More ambitious climate targets could save coastal ecosystems

The difference between the Paris climate agreement’s two alternative temperature targets – 1.5°C (2.7°F) and 2.0°C (3.6°F) above pre-industrial levels – may be the difference between life and death for some coastal ecosystems threatened by sea-level rise. That is a key finding of new research from Tufts University, Rutgers University–New Brunswick, and the Potsdam Institute...

30 Nov 2017

Superconducting qubit 3d integration prospects bolstered by new research

Researchers from Google and the University of California Santa Barbara have taken an important step towards the goal of building a large-scale quantum computer. Writing in the journal Quantum Science and Technology, they present a new process for creating superconducting interconnects, which are compatible with existing superconducting qubit technology. The race to develop the first...