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Research News

20 Dec 2018

Satellite study proves global quantum communication will be possible

Researchers in Italy have demonstrated the feasibility of quantum communications between high-orbiting global navigation satellites and a ground station, with an exchange at the single photon level over a distance of 20,000km. The milestone experiment proves the feasibility of secure quantum communications on a global scale, using the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). It is...

19 Dec 2018

‘Pause’ in global warming was never real, new research proves

Claims of a ‘pause’ in observed global temperature warming are comprehensively disproved in a pair of new studies published today. An international team of climate researchers reviewed existing data and studies and reanalysed them. They concluded there has never been a statistically significant ‘pause’ in global warming.  This conclusion holds whether considering the `pause’ as...

27 Nov 2018

Complex systems help explain how democracy is destabilised

Complex systems theory is usually used to study things like the immune system, global climate, ecosystems, transportation or communications systems. But with global politics becoming more unpredictable – highlighted by the UK’s vote for Brexit and the presidential elections of Donald Trump in the USA and Jair Bolsonaro in Brazil – it is being used...

23 Nov 2018

Could an anti-global warming atmospheric spraying program really work?

A program to reduce Earth’s heat capture by injecting aerosols into the atmosphere from high-altitude aircraft is possible, but unreasonably costly with current technology, and would be unlikely to remain secret. Those are the key findings of new research published today in Environmental Research Letters, which looked at the capabilities and costs of various methods...

11 Oct 2018

‘Sentinels of the sea’ at risk from changing climate

Climate change’s effect on coastal ecosystems is very likely to increase mortality risks of adult oyster populations in the next 20 years. That is the finding of a new study led by the University of Nantes, the LEMAR (the Marine Environmental Science Laboratory) in Plouzané and the Cerfacs (European center for research and advanced training...

11 Oct 2018

Ability to recover after ‘maximum effort’ is crucial to make football’s top flight

Footballers’ ability to recover after high-intensity effort may depend not on their age, but on their division level, a new study has suggested. A multinational team of scientists led by the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM) carried out maximum-effort tests with Spanish division one and division two soccer players. They then measured the players’ oxygen...

18 Sep 2018

Meet the new guardians of the ocean – robot jellyfish

New robot jellyfish could be the key to monitoring and caring for fragile parts of the world’s oceans without damaging them. The robots were developed by a team of US scientists, from Florida Atlantic University (FAU) and the US Office of Naval Research. They were designed to be able to swim freely, steer from side...

16 Aug 2018

Mapping the future direction for quantum research

The way research in quantum technology will be taken forward has been laid out in a revised roadmap for the field. Published today in the New Journal of Physics, leading European quantum researchers summarise the field’s current status, and examine its challenges and goals. In the roadmap: Dr Rob Thew and Professor Nicolas Gisin look...

15 Aug 2018

New method makes spinning collagen microfibres quicker, cheaper, and easier

Scientists in Norfolk, VA (USA) have developed a new method of making collagen microfibres, which could have applications in research, medical devices and clinical treatments ranging from ligament damage to skin burns. While collagen fibre manufacturing methods such as electrospinning and extrusion exist for biomedical applications, they have seen limited clinical success. This is partially...

26 Jul 2018

Scientists unlock the properties of new 2D material

A new two-dimensional material has become a reality, thanks to a team of Danish and Italian scientists. The research, led by physicists at Aarhus University, succeeded in the first experimental realisation and structural investigation of single-layer vanadium disulphide (VS2). It is published today in the journal 2D Materials. VS2 is one of a diverse group...

13 Jul 2018

Graphene could be key to controlling water evaporation

Graphene coatings may offer the ability to control the water evaporation process from various surfaces, according to new research, The study, carried out by a team from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Collaborative Innovation Center of Quantum Matter (Beijing), looked at the interactions of water molecules with various graphene-covered surfaces. It is published...

04 Jul 2018

Rising sea levels could cost the world $14 trillion a year by 2100

Failure to meet the United Nations’ 2ºC warming limits will lead to sea level rise and dire global economic consequences, new research has warned. Published today in Environmental Research Letters, a study led by the UK National Oceanographic Centre (NOC) found flooding from rising sea levels could cost $14 trillion worldwide annually by 2100, if...