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07 Nov 2017

Study: Air pollution battle is crucial to China’s public health

China’s measures to improve air quality are working, but more stringent policies should be put in place to safeguard public health, a new study has shown. Air pollution in China, especially in mega-metropolitan areas, is a matter of concern due to its impact on public health. The study, from Tsinghua University, Beijing, used satellite-derived aerosol...

30 Oct 2017

Research Notes of the AAS are back and better than ever

The American Astronomical Society (AAS) and its publications partner the Institute of Physics (IOP) Publishing announce the return of Research Notes of the AAS (RNAAS) – short communications for the rapid publication and distribution of new and exciting results. Last published in print in the 1970s, RNAAS have been brought up to date for digital...

18 Oct 2017

A mission to Mars could make its own oxygen, thanks to plasma technology

Plasma technology could hold the key to creating a sustainable oxygen supply on Mars, a new study has found. It suggests that Mars, with its 96 per cent carbon dioxide atmosphere, has nearly ideal conditions for creating oxygen from CO2 through a process known as decomposition. Published today in the journal Plasma Sources Science and...

18 Oct 2017

Cutting food waste helps improve your ‘foodprint’

Around a third of the resources used to produce the US’s food are wasted through food loss and waste (FLW), a new study has revealed. The research from the University of Texas at Austin and Sustainable America, published today in the journal Environmental Research Letters, examined the environmental impacts of the average American’s diet and...

12 Oct 2017

Sustainable irrigation may harm other development goals, study shows

Pursuing sustainable irrigation, without significant irrigation efficiency gains, could negatively impact environmental and development goals in many areas of the world, a new study has found. Over-extraction of groundwater for crop irrigation is one of the main causes of groundwater depletion in regions including Mexico, North East China, northern Africa, the Middle East, and the...

26 Sep 2017

US stands to save billions through renewable energy usage

Rolling out and extending existing US renewable energy standards nationwide could save hundreds of billions of dollars in health and environmental costs by 2050, a new study has found. The researchers from the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, California, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Colorado, found that the air quality and climate change mitigation benefits...

19 Sep 2017

Cost-effective quantum moves a step closer

Canadian and US researchers have taken an important step towards enabling quantum networks to be cost-effective and truly secure from attack. The experiments, by the team from the University of Calgary, the California Institute of Technology and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, Colorado, prove the viability of a measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (QKD)...

15 Sep 2017

Celebrate the end of Saturn mission with a free ebook – The Ringed Planet

Today, Nasa’s Cassini spacecraft will point itself toward the surface of Saturn, and end with a crash its 13-year mission delving into the mysteries of the ringed planet’s system. Cassini’s instruments have revealed new details including the only extra-terrestrial lakes known in the solar system, and its final series of orbits will reveal details of...

13 Sep 2017

US public backs carbon tax, and spending revenue on renewables

The majority of the US public is in favour of a tax on fossil fuels, provided the money goes into clean energy and infrastructure, according to a new study. The Yale University study surveyed Americans’ willingness to pay a carbon tax, and their preferences on how any revenue should be spent. The results were published...

11 Sep 2017

Answer to bacterial antibiotic resistance may be found in plants

Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is an ever-growing problem for healthcare, agriculture and hygiene, thanks to their indiscriminate and often excessive use. While natural, plant-derived antimicrobial small molecules may offer a potential solution, they often lack sufficient activity and selectivity to fulfil antibiotic requirements, and their conventional methods activation may not be compatible with biomedical applications....

11 Sep 2017

We’re celebrating Peer Review Week 2017

Embracing this year’s Peer Review Week theme of transparency, we start with IOP Publishing staff revealing their roles in the peer review process: Find out more about how we’re celebrating Peer Review Week 2017 at IOP Publishing here.