News Archive: 2017

News archive: 2016

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Nuanced picture emerges of IS land seizure effect on agriculture in Iraq and Syria

Land seizures by Islamic State (IS) in areas of Iraq and Syria have had mixed effects on agriculture, according to a new study.

28 Apr 2017
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Nano-notch sends self-assembling polymers into a spiral

Template modification could speed up the fabrication of sensing substrates and other novel structures A simple circular or hexagonal pit written into silicon can be used to generate self-assembling polymer spirals thanks to the addition of a tiny notch in the template, report scientists in the launch issue of Nano Futures.

25 Apr 2017
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Global temperature hiatus claims ‘based on statistical errors’

Claims of a ‘slowdown’ or ‘hiatus’ in rising global temperatures are not supported by an in-depth analysis of statistical evidence, a new study has shown.

25 Apr 2017
Cocoa was the fastest expanding export-oriented crop in sub-Saharan Africa.

African forests threatened by global demand for commodity crops

International demand for commodity crops like cocoa is putting increasing pressure on tropical forests in sub-Saharan Africa, according to new research.

4 Apr 2017
In a two kilometre rowing race the sideways movement caused by the earth's rotation can be up to 40 metres.

Earth’s rotation affects the wide world of sports

The inertial forces generated by the Earth as it rotates can have an impact on sports as varied as cricket, bowls, rowing, swimming and horse racing, Australian researchers have shown.

31 Mar 2017
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Can you create 2D nanosheets from cat litter?

What do talcum powder, beach sand and cat litter have in common?

24 Mar 2017
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Bee grooming behaviour could help with microelectromechanical cleaning

A new study on the grooming habits of bees has given new physical insight into the process of pollination, and could have implications for future microelectromechanical systems (MEMS).

23 Mar 2017
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IOP Publishing launches Journal of Physics Communications

IOP Publishing is pleased to announce the launch of Journal of Physics Communications, a new multidisciplinary open access journal, offering researchers an accelerated and innovative way to publish their work.

23 Mar 2017
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Environmental impact overlooked as ethanol production drives grassland loss

More than three million acres of grassland around ethanol refineries in the USA was lost to crop production between 2008 and 2012, as the USA sought to increase biofuel production, according to a new study.

21 Mar 2017
Liquid ventilation has potential for use in deep diving, among other applications.

Liquid breathing moves a step closer thanks to measurement study

Liquid ventilation –breathing a liquid instead of air – has long been the stuff of science fiction, and despite experimental clinical use, its potential for treating severe pulmonary or cardiac trauma, and use in deep diving and space travel, it is still not widely used or understood.

17 Mar 2017
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IOP Publishing recognises star reviewers

As part of our commitment to recognise and reward peer review, IOP Publishing is delighted to announce our Reviewer Awards winners for 2016.

17 Mar 2017
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Big can be best when it comes to wind farms

Danish researchers have identified a method to assess the efficiency of different sized onshore and offshore wind farms.

17 Mar 2017
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Personalised radiotherapy approach may help beat bone tumours

Researchers in the UK have developed a new, personalised and more effective approach to treating cancer patients with bone metastases.

15 Mar 2017
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Study: Volkswagen’s excess emissions 'could lead to 1,200 premature deaths in Europe'

Countries hit hardest by automaker’s emissions scandal include Germany, Poland, France, and Czech Republic.

3 Mar 2017
An artist's rendering of the EXPLORER full-body PET scanner. Photo: EXPLORER Project.

Researchers move a step closer to first full-body PET scanner

Researchers from the University of California, Davis (UC Davis) have revealed the first results from the EXPLORER project – which aims to build world’s first full total-body positron emission tomography (PET) scanner.

28 Feb 2017
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Changing transatlantic flight routes ‘could reduce climate impact’

Airlines could reduce their climate impact by up to 10 per cent in the future by optimising some flight routes, according to new research.

27 Feb 2017
An industrial complex in the aftermath of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake. Photo: Seoul Metropolitan Fire and Disaster Headquarters.

Study shows dramatic increases in China’s economic exposure to earthquakes

China’s economic exposure to earthquakes has dramatically increased since 1990, researchers from Beijing Normal University have found.

24 Feb 2017
The gyroscope could offer navigation in an environment lacking GPS access - making maps a thing of the past.

Matter wave gyroscope could offer precise direction in absence of GPS signal

Protocol for rotation sensing with trapped ions provides blueprint for big sensitivity boost in a small package Researchers in the USA have presented a protocol for a highly sensitive and compact gyroscope, capable of measuring very small changes in rotation.

23 Feb 2017
perspective-web CC0 Public Domain

Simple climate change contribution measure ‘remains elusive’

The search for a single and simple measure for each country’s contribution to global warming is unlikely to succeed, new research has warned.

21 Feb 2017
A supercomputer-simulation of a pulverizing airplane crash over a ravine, produced by Texas A&M mathematician Goong Chen and his team. Credit: Cong Gu, Texas A&M University.

Researchers use mathematical modeling to explain complete destruction of Germanwings Flight 9525

An international team of researchers, led by Texas A&M mathematician Professor Goong Chen, has used the latest in visualization technology and their collective scientific expertise to chart the final moments of Germanwings Flight 9525, deliberately crashed in the French Alps on March 24, 2015.

20 Feb 2017
Radiation treatment in the Heidelberg Ion-Beam Therapy Center HIT. Photo: Heidelburg University Hospital

New research makes cutting edge cancer treatment more precise

Researchers in Germany have taken an important step towards improving the accuracy of a highly effective radiotherapy technique used to treat cancer.

18 Feb 2017
Glacial moraine on the Queen Elizabeth Islands, Canada. Photo: John Sonntag, NASA

Study shows dramatic increase in meltwater from Canadian glaciers

The ice loss from Canada’s Queen Elizabeth Islands glaciers has transformed them into a major contributor to sea level change, new research has found.

15 Feb 2017
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IOP and CAUL agree new and innovative consortium model

IOP Publishing and the Council of Australian University Librarians (CAUL) have announced a new agreement, covering 31 universities in Australia and New Zealand.

13 Feb 2017
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The Biophysical Society and IOP Publishing form new partnership to create ebooks program for the biophysics community

The Biophysical Society and IOP Publishing have forged a new publishing partnership to support the development and dissemination of knowledge in biophysics, through the creation of a comprehensive collection of ebooks.

10 Feb 2017
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Insights and opinions on the hottest topics in physics

Presenting Physics World Discovery IOP Publishing is excited to announce the launch of a new resource for the physics community.

9 Feb 2017
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Physics explains why rock musicians prefer valve amps

For many guitarists, the rich, warm sound of an overdriven valve amp – think AC/DC’s crunchy Marshall rhythm tones or Carlos Santana’s singing Mesa Boogie-fuelled leads – can’t be beaten.

9 Feb 2017
Ice Floe, Pixabay, CCO

Ice decline means Northern Sea route may become viable shipping option

Further declines in Arctic Sea ice levels could see the Northern Sea route (NSR) open to intercontinental shipping for up to six months each year, new research has found.

7 Feb 2017
A 3-layer microfluidic assembly

LEGO-like blocks build new possibilities for microfluidics

LEGO already has millions of applications, building everything from castles to spaceships.

24 Jan 2017
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IOP Publishing launches double-blind peer-review trial

IOP Publishing has announced it will start offering authors the choice of single or double-blind peer review on two of its materials and biophysics/engineering journals.

16 Jan 2017
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Modelling sheds new light on bacteria behaviour

A new study into how bacteria move, behave, and form colonies could allow a better understanding of infections, and pave the way to new antimicrobial treatments.

10 Jan 2017
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Unauthorised access to IOPscience server

It has come to our attention that unauthorised access was gained by an unknown party to an IOPscience.iop.org server on 24 December 2016.

5 Jan 2017

News archive: 2016