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Environmental

25 Aug 2020

Study identifies first step to beating water scarcity

New research has revealed the locations and industries in the USA where efforts to improve water consumption would have the greatest benefit for economic activity and the environment. The study, led by researchers from Virginia Tech, used a spatially detailed database of water productivity to set realistic benchmarks for more than 400 industries and products....

28 Jul 2020

Lockdown saw modest drop in China air pollution – study

Large improvements of air quality in China during the COVID-19 lockdown have been widely reported, but new research reveals that the two pollutants most harmful to human health, fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone, were only slightly reduced. The study, by scientists from the University of Leeds, UK and the Southern University of Science and...

14 Jul 2020

Clean energy grids and electric vehicles key to beating climate change and air pollution

Any uptake in electric vehicle use must be mirrored by the development of clean energy grids to mitigate both climate change and air pollution. That is the key finding of a new study by researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, California, and Stanford University, California. Published in the IOP Publishing journal Environmental Research Letters,...

10 Jul 2020

Study sheds light on bushfires’ microclimate impact

A study examining the urban microclimatic impact of the 2019-20 Australian bushfires has uncovered how they affect local meteorological and air quality. Its findings could help understand the potential consequences of an increased rate and extension of bushfires, and especially regarding improving risk preparedness and coping strategies. The research was carried out by scientists from...

27 Mar 2020

Publons Article badges go live on IOPScience

In collaboration with Publons, IOP Publishing has introduced Article Badges to show when an article includes open peer review reports. The badges allow readers to see a summary of the article’s peer review history, including the number of revisions, editor decision letters and authors’ responses. Clicking the badge brings up the article’s complete peer review...

11 Dec 2019

Study maps abundance of plastic debris across European and Asian rivers

Rivers in southeast Asia transport more plastic to the ocean than some rivers in Europe, evidence from a new study in Environmental Research Letters suggests. In the first study of its kind, researchers from the Netherlands examined the amounts of floating plastic debris at 24 locations on rivers in seven European and Asian countries. Lead...

11 Dec 2019

‘Daring multi-level club solution’ could offer key to combating climate change

‘Climate clubs’ offering membership for sub-national states, rather than just countries, could speed up progress towards a globally-harmonised climate change policy. This is the key finding of a new study by researchers from the Autonomous University of Barcelona (UAB), Spain, published today in Environmental Research Letters. The study’s lead author, Nick Martin from UAB, explained:...

02 Dec 2019

Energy advances open the door to more aggressive climate policies

An international research team has called for a more sober discourse around climate change prospects, following an extensive reassessment of climate change’s progress and its mitigation. They argue that climate change models have understated potential warming’s speed and runaway potential, while the models that relate climate science to consequences, choices and policies have understated the...

25 Nov 2019

Machine learning and artificial intelligence to aid climate change research and preparedness

Machine learning and artificial intelligence are expected to provide significant new insights into understanding climate change and how to fight it, according to a study published today in Environmental Research Letters. The study, led by the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, UK, provides a compelling argument that machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) can...

22 Nov 2019

Increase in cannabis cultivation or residential development could impact water resources, study shows

Cannabis cultivation could have a significant effect on groundwater and surface water resources when combined with residential use, evidence from a new study suggests. Researchers in Canada and the US investigated potential reductions in streamflow, caused by groundwater pumping for cannabis irrigation, in the Navarro River in Mendocino County, California, and contextualized it by comparing...

12 Nov 2019

Superconducting wind turbine chalks up first test success

A superconducting rotor has been successfully tested on an active wind turbine for the first time. The EcoSwing consortium designed, developed, manufactured a full-size superconducting generator for a 3.6 megawatt wind turbine, and field-tested it in Thyborøn, Denmark. They report their results in the IOP Publishing journal Superconductor Science and Technology. Corresponding author Anne Bergen,...

08 Nov 2019

Aviation emissions’ impacts on air quality larger than on climate, study finds

New research from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has quantified the climate and air quality impacts of aviation, broken down by emission type, altitude and location. The MIT team found that growth in aviation causes twice as much damage to air quality as to the climate. Writing today in IOP Publishing’s Environmental Research Letters,...