Browse all

Year: 2012

27 Apr 2012

Handheld probe shows great promise for oral cancer detection

A team of American researchers have created a portable, miniature microscope in the hope of reducing the time taken to diagnose oral cancer. The probe, which is around 20 cm long and 1 cm wide at its tip, could be used by doctors to diagnose oral cancer in real&#8211time or as a surgical guidance tool;...

20 Apr 2012

Most detailed maps yet of Africa’s groundwater

Credit:British Geological Survey A scattergun approach to borehole drilling in Africa is likely to be unsuccessful. This is the message from a group of UK researchers who have, for the first time, quantified the amount, and potential yield, of groundwater across the whole of Africa. They estimate the total volume of groundwater to be around...

17 Apr 2012

IOP Publishing partners with OCLC

IOP Publishing (IOP) has partnered with the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) to include IOP journal content in WorldCat Local, WorldCat.org and OCLC WorldShare Management Services. As a result of this initiative, WorldCat customers in 170 countries will be able to search the abstracts of the 460,000 plus articles hosted by IOP through WorldCat services....

13 Apr 2012

Drastic changes needed to curb most potent greenhouse gas

Meat consumption in the developed world needs to be cut by 50 per cent per person by 2050 if we are to meet the most aggressive strategy, set out by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), to reduce one of the most important greenhouse gases, nitrous oxide (N2O). This is the finding from a...

13 Apr 2012

Resurfacing urban areas to offset 150 billion tonnes of CO2

Imagine a world where the rooftops and pavements of every urban area are resurfaced to increase the reflection of the Sun’s light rays. Well, this is exactly what a group of Canadian researchers have done in an attempt to measure the potential effects against global warming. In a study published today, 13 April, in IOP...

10 Apr 2012

IOP Publishing appoints Carsten Erdmann as Corporate Sales Manager

IOP Publishing (IOP) has today announced the appointment of Mr Carsten Erdmann as Corporate Sales Manager, EMEA, for IOP. Reporting to Mark Sauter, Vice President, Global Corporate Sales, at IOP, Mr Erdmann will take responsibility for corporate customers in Europe, the Middle East and Africa. He will maintain relationships with customers and develop journals sales...

06 Apr 2012

Researchers assess radiation exposure in obese patients

Credit:Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute A group of US researchers has quantified the amount of radiation obese patients receive when undergoing routine medical scans. Results published today, 6 April, by IOP Publishing in the journal Physics in Medicine & Biology, have shown that, when undergoing a CT scan, a forced change of operation parameters for obese patients...

05 Apr 2012

Handheld plasma flashlight rids skin of notorious pathogens

A group of Chinese and Australian scientists have developed a handheld, battery&#8211powered plasma-producing device that can rid skin of bacteria in an instant. The device could be used in ambulance emergency calls, natural disaster sites, military combat operations and many other instances where treatment is required in remote locations. The plasma flashlight, presented today, 5...

02 Apr 2012

The role of physics in the sinking of the Titanic

A century on from the sinking of the Titanic, science writer Richard Corfield takes a look at the cascade of events that led to the demise of the ‘unsinkable’ ship, taking into account the maths and physics that played a significant part. At 11.40 p.m. on Sunday 14 April 1912 the Titanic, bound from Southampton...

29 Mar 2012

Fusion present low proliferation risk, experts conclude

American researchers have shown that prospective magnetic fusion power systems would pose a much lower risk of being used for the production of weapon&#8211usable materials than nuclear fission reactors and their associated fuel cycle. The researchers, from Princeton University, found that if nuclear fusion power plants are designed to accommodate appropriate safeguards, there is little...

21 Mar 2012

Jellyfish inspires latest ocean-powered robot

American researchers have created a robotic jellyfish, named Robojelly, which not only exhibits characteristics ideal to use in underwater search and rescue operations, but could, theoretically at least, never run out of energy thanks to it being fuelled by hydrogen. Constructed from a set of smart materials, which have the ability to change shape or...

09 Feb 2012

Suzy Lidström appointed as new Editor-in-Chief for Physica Scripta

Dr Suzy Lidström has been announced as the new Editor-in-Chief of Physica Scripta, a leading international journal for experimental and theoretical physics. Dr Lidström is currently self-employed, working with Swedish researchers on their publications. She undertakes a range of tasks from proofreading and copy-editing through to assisting with funding applications. She has a degree in...